Dec 19,2021
Artificial Intelligence - Are Our Jobs At Risk?
Artificial Intelligence is the process of converting raw data into information that leverages computers to mimic the problem-solving and decision-making capabilities of a human mind. This obviously leads us to the ultimate question - will machines replace us (at least in the job market)?

Section 1: Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Work

A survey conducted by the PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) on artificial intelligence - "Is your job at risk?"-- was a global, in-depth study conducted among 6,000 people from 22 different countries. Out of all the respondents who work full-time, 57% reported that their current job does not require cognitive skills but some sort of physical prowess, which they regard as "old-school". Of the total respondents, 90% are currently employed full-time, as compared to 40% who worked full-time in 2014. In India, 89% of the survey respondents are working full-time as compared to 82% in 2014. This shows an alarming increase in the percentage of people working full-time with only 27% of those surveyed claiming that they want to change jobs.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence, or AI, is a set of computational techniques used to perform tasks and information processing, originally developed by British scientist John McCarthy in the 1950s and 1960s. AI is also one of the most advanced and fastest growing technology industries in the world. This industry is a billion dollar industry, employing many people and also providing employment opportunities to people. It is predicted to be a $1 trillion industry by 2035.

If this industry is increasing at such a speed and economic importance, what would it mean for a small nation like Singapore to make its own AI industry? It will have many repercussions on our life, our economy and our country in general. But, there is no stopping it and it is not a matter of if AI will replace us, but when.

The Rise of AI

Artificial Intelligence started as a much-hyped, vague thing, but today we are at the point where tech companies like IBM and Google are building research labs to develop the real concept. This evolution took off in the 1990s when IBM researcher Thomas J. Watson created a computer program called Deep Blue that beat world chess champion Gary Kasparov in a televised game. Since then, space technology and the human brain have been much more developed to utilize it's power.

AI is becoming more and more necessary in today's world, especially when large and sophisticated analytics run on today's technology is demanded, which is why AI is widely popular among companies and organizations for many purposes.